The Language of the Political Crowd in Tunisia

The 17th of December 2012 marked the second anniversary since the start of the Arab Spring in Tunisia. The actions of the Tunisian people helped inspire profound transformation across North Africa and invigorated similar discussions and protest movements throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. African Futures wishes to pay tribute to this occasion with an essay by Andrea Khalil, which analyzes the power of collective mobilization and language in Tunisia’s on-going revolution. – eds.
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A History of Resistance in the Congo

In light of the recent escalation of violence in the Kivus, the emergence of M23 rebellion and the on-going negotiations in Kampala, we thought it important to place the latest cycle of conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo in its proper historical context. Emeritus Professor of Political Science Herbert F. Weiss of City University of New York and Senior Policy Scholar at the Wilson International Center offers his reflections, in a re-posting of African Futures first contribution written in February 2012. — eds.
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Making the Link: Rwanda’s Domestic Policies and Interests Abroad

Lately, Rwanda has received considerable media attention for its role in the M23 crisis in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). After two reports by the UN Group of Experts on the DRC tied Rwanda to providing financial and technical support to the armed group, the international community began to take action. This past July, after the release of the first UN report, the U.S., Germany, and The Netherlands all cut portions of their aid to Rwanda. Rwanda’s biggest donor, the UK announced on the 30th of November that it finds the available evidence against Rwanda and its role in the DRC “credible and compelling” and subsequently cut £21m of aid intended to be disbursed this month.
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