Genocide in Somalia’s Jubba Valley and Somali Bantu Refugees in the U.S.

Catherine L. Besteman, Colby College How do genocides end from the point of view of those most harmed? Often genocides only end when those targeted flee to a safe place. The best way to end a genocide may be to get those targeted out of harm’s way in a hurry. For survivors, genocide ends when they […]

Colonial Legacy, Elite Dissension and the Making of Genocide: The Story of Biafra

Sam Amadi, Center for Public Policy & Research, Lagos, Nigeria “The Nigeria civil war broke out on 6 July 1967. The war was the culmination of an uneasy peace and stability that had plagued the nation since independence in 1960. This situation had its genesis in the geography, culture and demography of Nigeria.” – Major Abubakar […]

Averting Genocide in the Nuba Mountains, Sudan

Alex de Waal, Social Science Research Council Introduction The counterinsurgency fought by the Government of Sudan against the rebels of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) in the Nuba Mountains of central Sudan during the early 1990s was not only exceptionally violent, but also aimed at depopulating the area of civilians. Not only did the government […]

Why the Discipline of “Genocide Studies” Has Trouble Explaining How Genocides End?

Dirk Moses, University of Sydney Introduction “Genocide Studies” is no ordinary academic discipline. It seeks knowledge in the service of an urgent moral imperative: the prediction, prevention, and interdiction of genocides. An activist fervor drives the social scientist beyond the ivory tower. The American-based “International Association of Genocide Scholars,” for instance, has called its new journal Genocide […]

Using What We Know: Politicizing Knowledge and Scholarship to Stop Group Violence

Hugo Slim, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, Geneva Case studies of group-targeted violence reveal the enormous amount that the academic community knows about the context, design and implementation of genocidal politics. Much of the analysis in the historical or regional studies contributions has, of course, been crucially informed by the extraordinary achievements of Holocaust studies in the […]

Crawling Back from the Brink: How Conflict Resolution Can Respond to Genocide

Melanie Greenberg, Cypress Fund for Peace and Security Introduction Many in the conflict resolution field (and, to an even greater degree, in military and other “hard-line” sectors) feel that genocide is too powerful a destructive force to respond to the tools of conflict resolution.[1.  To take this argument to the extreme, in some situations, conflict […]

Reflections on How Genocidal Killings are Brought to an End

Alex de Waal, Social Science Research Council Bridget Conley-Zilkic, Committee on Conscience, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Genocide and the Canon of Historical Tragedy Stepping from 14th Street in Washington, DC into the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the visitor to the main exhibition is immediately placed in the shoes of the soldiers of the U.S. Army as they […]

From Pearl to Pariah: The Origin, Unfolding and Termination of State-Inspired Genocidal Persecution in Uganda, 1980-85

Sabiiti Mutengesa, Justice Africa Introduction Even the most cursory glance at the emergence of the country we now call Uganda leaves one convinced that, at some stage, it was inevitable that the country would go from being the “Pearl of Africa,” so dubbed by Winston Churchill in 1908, to the all-around epitome of Third World malaise […]